Category: Comercial,Living Complex,Under Construction,In Design,Offices,Mixed Uses
Year: 2016 (Fase I, Zona Comercial y Edificio I de Oficinas)2017 (Fase II, 2 Edificios de Vivienda y Amenidades)2019 (Fase III, 3° Edificio de Vivienda)(Fase IV, en Proyecto)
Location: MEXICO CITY, MEXICO
FT2 Construction: 5,769,450 sq ft
FT2 Ground: 0 sq ft
Involved Areas: Architecture, Interior Design
Andrés Martínez – Lanz
Arquitecto Asociado: Grupo Architech (Para Zona Comercial)
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE: Espacios Verdes
TECHNICAL ARCHITECTURE: FLG
STRUCTURAL DESIGN: Colinas de Buen,VSL-DOCSA, Postensa
ELECTRICAL DESIGN: Cien Acres
PLUMBING DESIGN: Garza Maldonado
LIGHTING DESIGN Artenluz
ACOUSTICAL DESIGN: Saad
WATER FEATURE CONSULTANT: Water Gush
PARKING: Cal y Mayor Asociados
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY CONSULTANT: LOGEN
LEED CONSULTANT: Pierce Goodwin Alexander & Linville
Ma. Dolores Robles - Martínez Gómez
AWARDS AND RECOGNITIONS:
2020:Miyana Torre Chapulín, Nominated in The International Highrise Award
2017 ¨Project of the Year, Obras Magazine, Grupo Expansión
2017 Second Place Firenze Entremuros Award
LEED “Neighborhood Development” Certification
Located in one of the most vibrant areas of Mexico City, the mixed-use complex, Miyana, includes housing, offices, stores, entertainment and parking. The project responds to market needs, but also establishes a balance to obtain the benefits of a master plan with common areas for coexistence of different sectors of the population. In this way a true city center is achieved and an architectural landmark, not a single project within the city.
Miyana will be developed in four stages, depending on the use of each of the towers that are part of it.
The First Phase has buildings meant for housing, offices and shopping area. In the second tower (Second Phase) was developed with 259 apartments, underground basements for parkings in 3 levels. The Third Tower (corresponding to a Third Phase), named “TORRE CHAPULÍN“ includes 325 apartments, and 3 underground basements for parking. And finally, in the Fourth Stage, the second office tower of 79,000 sqm will be developed; in addition to the tower, there will feature a public square in the corner of Ejército Nacional avenue and Molière in order to cooperate with large scale open spaces to the city.
The square´s access has water as a main element of design, while open spaces, heights, lighting and materials, will help to create a safe environment within the place. There is a large garden of 6,500 m2 that acts as a social core of the project and defines a large recreation area and a lung for the inhabitants of the complex.
The commercial area which includes restaurants, terraces, cafes and an area designated for children playgrounds is developed on two levels, which go through a “spine” in double height that functions as a pedestrian street.
The passage has its own character seeking to communicate and integrate the project with the context and the various cultural and recreational activities in the area. At the same time, it is expected to function as support and service for the people of the complex, whether for housing or offices, also considering other residents of the place.
TORRE CHAPULÍN corresponds to Miyana’s Third Phase, and is meant for residential purposes, having 320 apartments. The tower has 44 storeys plus one technical floor and a height of 171 m, being one of Mexico’s tallest residential buildings. It is located in the city’s central area, whereas other remarkable high buildings meant for dwelling are located in the suburbs. This is important due to the fact that the soil in Mexico’s City’s central areas is more unstable than the one in its limits, as the city used to be a lake. Therefore; Miyana and Torre Chapulín have a foundation system based in a concrete slab.
The aim of having a mixed-use complex is to redensify the city, with the objective of diminishing the city’s expansion and take advantage of the existing services. One of its advantages would be to reduce the commute times as the users would have shops and retail services in the surrounding areas.
Torre Chapulín has its ground floor and lobby on level +20m, where the shared amenities with the other two residential towers are located. These amenities comprise a garden of 10,000 m2 that will serve as pluvial water collection area; this water, along with the water used in all of the complex shall be treated and stored in the complex basements, where it shall be reused for watering the plants. Other amenities that may be found in Miyana are: pool, soccer court, spa, cafeteria, gym, pet area, multiple-use areas for events, small cinema-like areas, as well as an English room where pool may also be played.
This tower has a central core which acts as one of its most important structural elements, containing all of the installations as well as its vertical connections. It has 5 elevators: 4 meant for public usage, while an extra one is meant to be for service acting as a freight. The span between its structural elements is 8.20m, 8.50m, 8.20m in one direction vs 10.50m in the other one. This allowed to have a mixed construction system with a concrete slab as foundation. The columns have concrete encased steel cores covered in concrete; its beams are steel structures covered in concrete screed, and 7 cm composite slabs with reinforced concrete cast on top of profiled steel decking. The distance between each storey is 3.40m, which allowed to gain height in the public areas in each apartment.
Torre Chapulín has 320 apartments distributed in 10 different typologies. The building’s massing offers offsets and setbacks that generate areas where outstanding views may be appreciated: on its southern façade, one may overlook towards Polanco borough. The northern façade is oriented towards the industrial area, and Paseo de la Reforma (one of Mexico City’s main avenues) may be seen from the apartments, as the neighboring buildings do not have considerable heights.
Keeping in mind the environmental impacts of construction, we opted for construction materials that were found in a maximum of 80km ratio from the site. Torre Chapulín’s facade is made up of precast concrete elements, that were produced in a nearby factory located at a 27km distance. In order to obtain the maximum ventilation and natural light, the tower features floor-to-ceiling glass panels, which may be opened to offer natural cross-ventilation with security features. These key elements allow that the minimum requirements according to construction codes are surpassed by nearly three times. The glass for windows has different treatments according to its orientation and responds to solar radiation. The south / southwest façade required extra protection to diminish solar impact towards the interior which was obtained by “solar ban” covering. Natural cross-ventilation was obtained by having different apertures placed on opposite sides in the window system, set according to the dominant winds in the city; thus, creating a funnel-like effect. These measures contribute to diminish the tower’s carbon footprint as only extraction systems were required, while HVAC systems were unnecessary due to Mexico’s climate conditions. The parking areas are located in the basements and in the first four above grade storeys. They are naturally ventilated which also helped reduce the number of mechanical extractors. Among other mechanical issues, the water is distributed by hydro-pneumatic systems, which conducts it to its storage in the building’s topmost level, and then distributed by gravity to all of its apartments.
Other important aspects related to the tower’s ecologic principles are that recycled construction materials were used such as all of the fixed furniture and wooden carpentry elements. One of Miyana’s aims is to achieve the “Neighborhood Development” Certification according to LEED’s standards. This required to grant a certain amount of green areas, as well water reutilization within all of the complex, among other measures. All of Miyana’s water consumption is filtered, treated and reused for the maintenance and watering of its garden areas. The complex has a lighting system based in LED technology, with BMS systems with motion sensors controlling the energy usage in public areas. This also applies to the systems that were installed in the underground basements. There is an integral waste management system that separates organic and inorganic disposals.
The selected vegetation for Miyana’s green areas is endemic to Mexico City, and was meant to require minimum water, thus contributing to save its water consumption.
Miyana (and particularly Torre Chapulín) is a celebration of the 21st Century residential project, as a multi-layered, multi- service community. The complex offers distinctive amenities, the heart of its community, speak to the city around it and far beyond. The buildings express their functions to the outside world: its fluid and flexible interior spaces, and its environmental solutions and controls together form a legible, holistic, architecture that is distinctive and a unique response to its place.